Presentation Type: Speech
Abstract: Background: Breast cancer is one the most prevalent cancers among the women. Study on the quality of life as an important subject is raised in the chronic disease studies particularly the cancer. All physical and mental symptoms of cancer affect the quality of life of patients. Use of complementary therapies for patients offected by pain and emotional distress arising out of cancer may result in , relaxation in breast cancer. One of the complementary therapies is reflexology. The extant paper has been provided with the objective of determining the effect of reflexology on quality of life of patients with breast cancer under chemotherapy in the breast disease center affiliated to Jahad-e-Daneshgahi of University of Tehran in 2012.
Methods: This study is a randomized clinical trial which has been applied on 60 patients suffering from breast cancer under chemotherapy in breast diseases center, in 2012. The patients were selected randomly in three test, control and placebo groups. In test group, reflexology was implemented for 3 weeks and each session lasted half an hour. session lasted 20-30min. control group received the routine therapies of breast cancer center.
Results: Data were collected by standard questionnaires of EORTIC QLQ-C30.V.3 and EORTIC QLQ-BR23.V.3. The questionnaires were filled before intervention and two weeks after applying study. There was no significant difference in demographic characteristics or quality of life score of three groups, before intervention. Total score of quality of life was higher in interventional group compared to placebo group before and two weeks after intervention (p<0.001) Results also indicated a significant difference in total score of quality of life between test, placebo and control groups after intervention (p<0.001). A considerable improvement was noticed in the different aspects of quality of life in test group comparing to two other placebo and control groups
Conclusion: Reduction of pain, anxiety, nausea and other symptoms related to cancer in patients suffering from cancer are assumed as the important cases of nursing cares focus, and precise nursing may subside these symptoms considerably. Using reflexology in patients suffering from breast cancer may improve the quality of life, as an effective method and can be recommended to breast cancer if it is supervised by health system personels.