Presentation Type: Speech
Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to investigated the Comparison of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in women with postpartum depression and normal. Cognitive emotion regulation strategies are cognitive responses to emotion-eliciting events that consciously or unconsciously attempt to modify the magnitude and/or type of individuals’ emotional experience or the event itself. In recent years, a substantial amount of work has been devoted to delineating the relationships between dispositions to use certain strategies and a variety of disorders, including depression, generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder and eating disorders.
Methods: The research design was ex pos facto. Participants included 100 women who had gone four weeks of delivery. Of these, 50 of them based on the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression test, received a diagnosis of postpartum depression and 50 women were normal. All of participants completed cognitive emotion regulation strategies scale. This scale had 9 subscales: Self – blame, Other‐ blame, Acceptance, Rumination, Positive refocusing, Refocus on planning, Positive reappraisal, putting into perspective, catastrophizing. The reliability and validity of scale was acceptable. Data analysis was constructed by use of the one way variance analysis and Pearson correlation coefficients.
Results: The result indicated that that there was a significant difference between the patients and normal women in cognitive emotion regulation strategies. There was, also, a significant relationship between the variables. The adaptive strategies showed the negative association with postpartum depression and maladaptive strategies had positive association postpartum depression.
Conclusion: As a result, women with postpartum depression compared with normal group were different in the use of cognitive emotion regulation strategies.