Background: Anemia is a common health problem during pregnancy in the worldwide. The prevalence of Anemia in pregnant women is variable between 35-100% in developing countries. There are some differences among different studies in Iran on this disorder among Iranian pregnant women. The systematic review performed by Esmat Baruti; 2005 in Iran was done among 11037 samples, Prevalence of Anemia disorder among pregnant women was estimated 13.6 %. Considering that, since 2005 several studies have been performed on the Prevalence of anemia in Iranian pregnant women. This present study is been performed for evaluating the prevalence of anemia among pregnant Iranians with systematic review and Meta analysis method.
Methods: This study is based on received information achieved from Magiran, Science Direct, Pubmed, Iran medex, Iran Doc, SID, Med lib, Med line, Scopus and Google Scholar in chronological order of 2005-2015 with using standard key words. Search and extraction of data were done by two independed reviewers. To pooled of results of studies random effects model in meta-analysis was used.
Results: In the 18 eligible studies, the 51521 individuals were been evaluated. The prevalence of Anemia among pregnant Iranians was estimated 17.9% (95% CI: 14.7- 21.1%). most prevalence of Anemia was seen in the study, which it is Center of country (24.9%) and the lowest prevalence was seen in the West of country(3.6%). The prevalence of Anemia in urban and rural pregnant women was estimated 22.1% and 17.6% approximately, respectively.
Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia among Iranian Pregnant Women in recent years has been more than before 2005. But the Overall were less according to WHO system report for developing countries.