Breast Cancer Awareness, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Midwives Participated in a Breast Cancer Prevention Seminar in Tehran

اولين كنگره بين المللي تازه هاي پيشگيري، تشخيصي و درماني سرطان پستان

18 الي 20 آبان 1395، تبريز - ايران

Presentation Type: Poster
Abstract: Background: Breast Cancer is the most malignancy in women that high rate of mortality have been attributed to it. Midwives have important role to prevent the serious outcome and burden of this disease with awareness and Breast Clinical Examination for early detection. So the aim of this study was to investigate the awareness, attitude and behaviors of midwives, regarding Breast Cancer prevention procedure.
Methods: The analytic cross-sectional study has conducted on 210 students of midwifery aged (20-62) that are participated in clarify the duty of midwives in Breast Cancer early detection and prevention seminar in 2016. The data have collected with standard questionnaire(with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.77). The questionnaire has 4 parts with 55 questions. 6 questions were about socio-demographic information including: age, educational level, number of family members, marital status, family history of Breast Cancer and the others were about their knowledge, attitude, and performances. We used SPSS software version 13. The level of significance for the two-tailed test was employed P≤0.05.
Results: The results showed us more than half of participants (65.9%) have excellent knowledge about sign and symptoms knowledge. Only 7% of participants have weak stage of Brest Cancer risk factors knowledge. Few of respondents (2.2%) had harmful and dangerous habits in their lives. This study has determined that respondents (57-30.8%) do Breast self-examination once in a month and 16(8.6%) of them perform it hardly ever. There was significant relationship between knowledge of Breast Cancer prevention and education (P= 0.02). There was also significant relationship between awareness of BC risk factors and education(P=0.007). The level of their attitude has significantly associated with family history (P= 0.03).
Conclusions: The appropriate level of awareness and practice of breast cancer screening have observed in this study to educate other women about breast cancer prevention procedure.