Follow up of post MI patients

پنجمين كنگره بين المللي پيشگيري از بيماريهاي قلب و عروق

7 الي 9 مهر 1395، شيراز - ايران

Presentation Type: Speech

Background and Objectives: Dietary and medication adherence plays an important role in successful treatment and reduces negative complications and severity of the disease. Nurses can play a vital role in increasing adherence to treatment regimen and improvement of clinical symptoms. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of tele-nursing on the level of adherence to dietary and medication regimen among patients after Myocardial Infarction (MI).
Methods: This non-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 100 elderly patients with MI who had referred to the cardiovascular clinics affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, south west Iran from June to December 2014. Convenient sampling method was used to select 100 patients who met the inclusion criteria. The participants were randomly assigned to an intervention and a control group using balanced block randomization method. The participants of the intervention group received a tele-nursing intervention. The data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, Morisky’s 8-item Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MAQ), and dietary adherence questionnaire before and three months after the intervention.
Results: The results of Chi-square test showed no statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups with respect to their adherence to dietary regimen before the intervention (P>0.05). However, a statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in this regard after the intervention (P<0.05).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that tele-nursing could improve and modify adherence to treatment plan among the patients with MI.