Background and Aim: Biotechnology holds enormous promise to i mprove the quality of life for mankind on a global basis. The cosmetic industry globally has provided a plethora of biologic materials. These materials have a winning combination: demonstrable performance in finished formulation and – even more importantly - safety during repeated topical application.
Methods: Antioxidants, for example, are notably used in skin creams to counter the degradation of living cells. Today, they are produced in energy - intensive processes that use potentially hazardous catalysts and form unsavoury by - products. A well - tailored natural enzyme could catalyze the same reaction more efficiently, without the environmental drawbacks. They produce no hazardous waste and do away with risks of raw material shortages. The idea is to replace them with molecules derived from nature. Natural products are being harnessed to create a new breed of health - giving biomolecules. These biomolecules could endow cosmetics with pharmaceutical properties; turning them into “cosmeceuticals”. Nature - based cosmeti cs could also have environmental benefits for the billions beauty products sector, as they use much less energy to produce. Clostridium botulinum produces botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) which has been used since many years ago as an injectable therapeutic age nt for the treatment of some abnormal muscle contractions.
Results: Recently , successes achieved with identifying extreme enzyme systems from hydrothermal - residing marine bacteria which may provide innovative approaches to common skin exposures (i.e. air prolusion, smoking and resulting changes in skin condition).
Conclusion: The upshot of all of these is that researchers are getting the chance to work out new techniques that could replace industrial chemicals in other sectors with biomolecules.