Prevalence of superficial fungal infection in diabetic patient in Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Kashan

The 7 th International & 12 th National Congress on Quality Improvement in Clinical Laboratory

17 till 20 April 2014، Tehran - Iran

Presentation Type: Speech
Abstract:

Introduction & aim: superficial fungal diseases are common in Iran. As well as diabet is one of the most prevalence chronic, metaboli - cal disease. The prevalence of fungal infection seems to be higher among diabetic patients than in the non-diabetic population. Thus the aims of this study were to determine the frequency of superficial fungal infection in diabetic patient. Methods: This retrospective research was carried out on 53 diabetic patients in 1391. The epidermal scales and nails were cleared and examined microscopically by KOH 10-20% and lactophenol cotton blue solutions and they were cultivated on sabouraud’s dextrose agar (SDA) and mycosel agar (Scc). Result & discussion: 38 cases( 71.6%) of diabetic patients had superficial fungal diseases. 12cases(31.5%) were males and 26 were females and Average of patient’s age was 57.2 years- old. Prevalence of superficial fungal infections respectively including : candidiasis 25 cases (65.7 %), erythrasma 9 cases ( 23.6 %), pityriasis versicolor 6 cases ( 15.7 % ) , dermatophytosis 2 cas es ( 5.2 %) and 1 case aspergillosis. 4 patients had 2 various complication of fungal disease simultaneity. Nowadays despite of control and decrease of many complications of diabet, one of the important involvements in these patients are fungal diseases.