Causes of Fever in Patients with HIV/AIDS in a Teaching Hospital in Iran

دومين همايش ساليانه پژوهش ايدز در ايران

22 آبان 1387، تهران - ايران

Presentation Type: Speech

Background: Fever, is a common sign during the course of HIV infection. The aim of this study was to describe the etiology and clinical characteristics of fever among HIV/AIDS patients in a teaching hospital in Iran.
Material and Methods: In this case-series study, we retrospectively reviewed the charts of admitted HIV/AIDS patients with fever at Imam Khomeini hospital, from October 1995 to March 2005 to assess the causes of their fever.
Results: 125 admissions were performed for 120 patients. The mean (±SD) age was 34.75 ± 14.7 years. The final diagnosis of fever was determined in 65.6% of all admissions. In most of them (34.4%), the cause of fever remained undiagnosed. Pulmonary tuberculosis was the most common etiology of fever (33.6%). The other most common opportunistic infections were oral candidiasis, pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia and cerebral toxoplasmosis.
Conclusion: Tuberculosis is the most common infection in Iranian HIV/AIDS patients and appropriate workup should be considered in all feverish HIV/AIDS patients.