ﻣﻘﺎﯾﺴﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﯿﺮ ﻣﺎﺳﺎژ و ﺗﮑﺎن دادن ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار ﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﺪاد دﻓﻌﺎت و ﻣﺪت زﻣﺎن ﮔﺮﯾﻪ ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮاران ﮐﻮﻟﯿﮑﯽ

مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشكي اراك (ره آورد دانش)

دوره 15 - شماره 1

نوع مقاله: ---- Unspecified ----
چكيده:

زﻣﯿﻨﻪ و ﻫﺪف: ﮐﻮﻟﯿﮏ دوران ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮارﮔﯽ ﯾﮏ ﺳﻨﺪرم رﻓﺘﺎري اﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮرت ﮔﺮﯾﻪﻫﺎي ﺷﺪﯾﺪ و ﺑﺪون ﻋﻠﺖ در ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮاران ﺳﺎﻟﻢ زﯾﺮ ﺳﻪ ﻣﺎه دﯾﺪه ﻣﯽﺷﻮد. اﯾﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪف ﻣﻘﺎﯾﺴﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﯿﺮ ﻣﺎﺳﺎژ و ﺗﮑﺎن دادن ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار ﺑﺮ دﻓﻌﺎت و ﻣﺪت زﻣﺎن ﮔﺮﯾﻪ ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮاران ﮐﻮﻟﯿﮑﯽ اﻧﺠﺎم ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ.
ﻣﻮاد و روشﻫﺎ: ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ روش ﮐﺎرآزﻣﺎﯾﯽ ﺑﺎﻟﯿﻨﯽ ﺑﺮ روي 100 ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار 1-12 ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﮐﻮﮐﯿﮏ دوران ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮارﮔﯽ ﺑﻪ ﺑﯿﻤﺎرﺳﺘﺎن اﻣﯿﺮﮐﺒﯿﺮ اراك در ﺳﺎل 1389 ﻣﺮاﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﺮده ﺑﻮدﻧﺪ اﻧﺠﺎم ﺷﺪ. ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ روش ﺗﺼﺎدﻓﯽ ﺑﻪ دو ﮔﺮوه ﻣﺎﺳﺎژ و ﺗﮑﺎن ﺗﻘﺴﯿﻢ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ. در ﮔﺮوه ﻣﺎﺳﺎژ از ﻣﺎدران ﺧﻮاﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ در ﻣﺪت ﯾﮏ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ، ﺳﻪ ﺑﺎر در روز ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار ﺧﻮد را ﻣﺎﺳﺎژ دﻫﻨﺪ. در ﮔﺮوه ﺗﮑﺎن از ﻣﺎدران ﺧﻮاﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻃﯽ ﯾﮏ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ در ﻫﺮ روز ﻃﯽ ﻋﻼﯾﻢ ﮐﻮﻟﯿﮏ ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار را ﺗﮑﺎن دﻫﻨﺪ اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﻣﻮرد ﻧﯿﺎز در ﯾﮏ ﭼﮏ ﻟﯿﺴﺖ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺎدر ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪ و دادهﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻧﺮم اﻓﺰار SPSS ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﺷﺪ.
ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎ: دﻓﻌﺎت و ﻣﺪت زﻣﺎن ﮔﺮﯾﻪ ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار در ﮔﺮوه ﻣﺎﺳﺎژ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﯿﺐ در اوﻟﯿﻦ روز 8/34 دﻓﻌﻪ و4/12 ﺳﺎﻋﺖ و در آﺧﺮﯾﻦ روز ﻣﺪاﺧﻠﻪ 4/26 دﻓﻌﻪ و 1/32 ﺳﺎﻋﺖ در ﺷﺒﺎﻧﻪ روز ﺑﻮد. اﯾﻦ ﻣﻘﺪار در ﮔﺮوه ﺗﮑﺎن ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﯿﺐ در اوﻟﯿﻦ روز 7/50 و 2/42 و در آﺧﺮﯾﻦ روز 6/94 دﻓﻌﻪ و 2/14 ﺳﺎﻋﺖ در ﺷﺒﺎﻧﻪ روز رﺳﯿﺪ. ﻣﯿﺎﻧﮕﯿﻦ دﻓﻌﺎت و ﻣﺪت زﻣﺎن ﮔﺮﯾﻪ ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار در ﮔﺮوه ﻣﺎﺳﺎژ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮرت ﻣﻌﻨﯽداري ﺑﯿﺸﺘﺮ از ﮔﺮوه ﺗﮑﺎن ﺑﻮد(p<0/001).
ﻧﺘﯿﺠﻪ ﮔﯿﺮي: ﻣﺎﺳﺎژ ﻣﯽﺗﻮاﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻋﻼﯾﻢ ﮐﻮﻟﯿﮏ ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار ﺷﺪه و در اﯾﺠﺎد ارﺗﺒﺎط ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻣﺎدر و ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار و آراﻣﺶ ﻣﺎدر و ﺷﯿﺮﺧﻮار ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.

كلمات كليدي:
The effect of infant massage in comparison with rocking on the duration and frequency of crying time in patients with infantile colic
Article Type: ---- Unspecified ----
Abstract:

Background: Infantile colic is a behavioral syndrome characterized by severe crying without a specific cause in healthy under three-month-old infants. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of infant massage and rocking on the duration and frequency of crying time in colicky infants.
Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial involved 100 infants 1-2 weeks of age with colic who referred to Amir Kabir Hospital, Arak, Iran, in 2010. The infants were randomly assigned to massage group (n=50) and rocking group (n=50). In the massage group, mothers were recommended to massage their child three times a day for 7 days. In the rocking group, mothers were recommended to rock their child during crying every day for 7 days. In both groups, mothers recordedinfant crying durations during one week in a checklist. Data were analyzed by SPSS software.
Results: The mean difference of total crying times and durations were 8.34 and 4.12 during the first day and 4.26 time/day and 1.32 hour/day during the last day in the massage group, whereas in the rocking group, these values were 7.50 and 2.42 in the first day and 6.94 and 2.14 hour/day in the last day, respectively. The means of crying times and durations in the massage group were more than those of the rocking group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Infant massage can reduce the duration of crying in colicky infants and it can enhance the relationship between mother and child and their relaxation.

قیمت : 20,000 ريال