FREQUENCY OF TRANSFUSION TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AMONG ARDABIL BLOOD DONORS BASED ON DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS FROM 2012 TO 2016

Hepatitis Monthly

Volume 17 - Number Suppl.1

Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Transfusion transmitted infections (TTIs) such as hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) can be transmitted through blood components. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of HBV, HCV, HIV and HTLV Seromarkers among Ardabil blood donors based on demographic characteristics, during 2012-2016.
Materials and Methods: This study was a descriptive, retrospective analysis of 169928 donors who donated blood at Ardabil Blood Transfusion Center (ABTC). Information including demographic characteristics and serologic test results (HBsAg, Anti-HCV, Anti-HIV and HTLV) of all blood donors during 2012 to 2016 were collected from records. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics by SPSS software version 20.
Results: Prevalence rates of HBV, HCV, HIV and HTLV were 20, 2.7, 0.23 and 0.52 per 10000, respectively. The infections frequency was very higher in the firsttime donors than multi-time and repeated donors 94%, 3.2 and 2.8% respectively. Analysis of trend for the prevalence of HBV and HCV showed a significant decrease from 22.42 and 4.29 to 13.72 and 2.86 per 10000 donors, compared 2012 to 2016 respectively(p<0.05). While the prevalence of HIV and HTLV was constant. All parameters influenced with donor states, age and educational level.
Conclusions: The results show low levels of infections among repeated donors and decreasing prevalence of TTIs demonstrated that shows the effectiveness of screening methods, and thus the safety of blood products in Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization.
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