Violence against women and lifetime and postnatal mental health: review article

فصلنامه پزشكي باروري و ناباروري

دوره 18 - شماره Suppl.1

Article Type: Review Article
Abstract: Background:  Violence against women by male intimate partners is recognized as one of the most common forms of gender-based violence and represents a significant public health concern and it has impact on women’s mental health and violence in the perinatal period is associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, but evidence is limited on its association with perinatal mental disorders. We conducted a systematic review to estimate the prevalence and odds of having experienced domestic violence among women with lifetime and postnatal mental disorders. 
Method: This article, reviews the prevalence of having experienced domestic violence among women with symptoms of mental health and postnatal mental disorders. Papers published between 2010 and 2017 were identified via the Ovid MEDLINE database and SCOPUS. Of 890 papers identified in the initial search, thirty-eight papers studies met inclusion criteria and were included. Included studies were peerreviewed experimental or observational studies that reported on women aged 15 years or older.
Result: Experiencing lifetime domestic violence against women was associated with depression, PTSD, anxiety, and sleep disorders among women. High levels of symptoms of postnatal depression is significantly associated with having experienced domestic violence during pregnancy.
Conclusion: High-quality evidence is now needed on how maternity and mental health services should address domestic violence and improve health outcomes for women. Longitudinal studies are needed to identify pathways to being a victim of domestic violence to optimize healthcare responses.