مقايسه بدكاركردي هاي نوروسايكولوژيك در بيماران مرد مبتلا به اختلال اسكيزوفرني، اختلال افسردگي اساسي و افراد بهنجار شهر اردبيل در سال 1395
Background and Objective: Neuropsychological dysfunction is one of the basic factors in the severe mental disorders such as schizophrenia and depression disorders. Accordingly، this study aimed to compare the neuropsychological dysfunctions in patients with schizophrenia disorders، depression disorder and normal individuals.Materials and Methods: Current study was a descriptive study that the statistical population included all male patients with schizophrenia and depression in Isar and Fatemi hospital of Ardabil city in 2016 (N=65). The sample consisted of 30 schizophrenic patients and 30 depressed patients that were sampled by census method and were compared with 30 normal objects. Data was collected using Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS-R)، Go/ No go Test، and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Data was analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and Least Significant Difference (LSD).Results: The results showed that neuropsychological dysfunctions such as memory، response inhibition، and cognitive flexibility in schizophrenic patients were less than depressed patients (p<0.05)، and in depressed ones less than normal people (p<0.05).Conclusion: These results showed that neuropsychological dysfunctions play an important role in the pathology of schizophrenia and depression disorders and can be important therapeutic targets in the treatment and rehabilitation.