Evaluation of Knowledge of Parents of Children Aged 8-12 Years about Traumatic Avulsed Teeth in Isfahan in 2016
Introduction: Dental trauma is one of the most common causes for visit to the dental office. The prognosis of dental trauma depends on the basic measures taken immediately after the trauma. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of parents toward this issue.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 500 parents of children aged 8-12 years, selected using a two-stage sampling (cluster-quota). A standardized questionnaire was prepared and filled by the participants, validity and reliability of which were evaluated after localization. Data analysis was performed using ANOVA and t-test (α=0.05).
Results: In this study, mean parental knowledge was equal to 5.25±2.01. A slight direct and significant difference was observed between parental awareness and educational level of the parents (r=0.165, P<0.001). However, no significant difference was found between parental knowledge and variables of age, gender and number of children. Parental knowledge toward traumatic avulsed teeth was evaluated, according to which 44.6% of parents had a positive attitude toward replacing the fallen permanent teeth. According to the results, 10.4% of the participants required teeth replacement approximately 20-30 minutes after falling out, and 18.2% regarded milk and saliva as the best environment for teeth replacement. Collected data revealed that the majority of parents acquired their knowledge from TV.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, low level of knowledge toward traumatic avulsed teeth was observed in the participants. It is recommended that awareness of parents be raised through training programs.