Reproductive behaviors of women belonging to patterns of marriage: a sequential explanatory mixed method design
Background: Nowadays, nearly half of the world population lives in societies with low fertility or the below-replacement fertility. This causes reduction in the workforce and aging of population. This study examined women's reproductive behaviors by the various patterns of marriage in Babol city.
Methods: This study was an explanatory sequential mixed methods design. In the first phase, a cross-sectional quantitative study was done using a cluster sampling strategy on 850 married women 15-49 years old living in Babol city. After analyzing the quantitative stage data, qualitative data were collected through personal interviews with the women who were participated in quantitative phase, had single child. Finally, the interpretation of the one-child reproductive behavior, using qualitative data was presented.
Result: The findings of the quantitative study showed that there were not any significant differences in reproductive behaviors in three patterns of marriage and findings of the qualitative study showed that single child in Baboli women are affected by the "media" and "social norms" that are associated with "self preference". "Unsecured future" and "marital conflict" strengthen having only one child. In fact, there are issues that women despite of "uncertainty of the one-child", were forced to "stay in one-child" and trying to make sense of their lives with only one child. Therefore, the qualitative study also found that participants with different marriage patterns, had similar experiences related to the one-child.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the demographic policy makers, should take note women's fertility problems, to achieve the desired population.