Evaluation ofABO and Rh blood group in patients with gastro esophageal reflux disease and comparing with distribution of WestAzarbaijan blood groups in IRAN

گوارش، مجله انجمن متخصصين گوارش و كبد ايران

دوره 15 - شماره Supple.1

Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Introduction: GRED is a one of the most common digestive system disorders. Community surveys show the 15% of heart burn or regurgitation weekly and 7% of daily symptoms in people.The symptoms occur due to the acid and other stomach contents reflux to esophagus. This is due to the stomach-esophagus barriers (cardiac valve) insufficiency. Some factors relevant to the stomachesophagus reflux such as age, sex, smoking habits, alcohol abuse, pregnancy, drugs interactions have been studied. One of the factors that ignored or less studied are the blood groups and there is no considerable information about this factor in the text books and scientific databases. Method: Patients that attended Urmia Imam University hospital digestive clinic after verifying the reflux enrolled in study andwith determining the risk factors referred to the laboratory for specifying theABO blood group and Rh factor. Specified blood groups and Rh’s aggregated into the study standard checklist.Collected data fromthe blood groups, Rh, age, sex, smoking habits convert to the numerical codes and then import in the SPSS statistical analysis software. Results: In this paper 175 patients, 92male (52.6%) and 83 female (47.4%) with mean age 39.14 with gastro esophageal reflux have been studied. 72 patients (41.1%) wasA+, 2 (1.1%)patientswereA-, 27 (15.4%)were B+, 3 (1.7%)wereB-, 12 (6.9%)patientswereAB+, 1 patient (0.6%)wasAB with negative Rh and 49 patients (28%) were O+ and 9 patients (5.1%) were O- blood group. Conclusion: According to the attained results, there are a high frequency of reflux in patientswithAblood group with positiveRh.Analysis of the enrolled patients’blood group and the normal people blood indices in West Azerbaijan using the CHI-SQUARE statistical method, shows no significant difference between the patientswith reflux disease and normal people(P=0.20).