Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Introduction: Dyspepsia is a common disorder that occurs in approximately 25 percent (range 13 to 40 percent) of the population each year can present many clinical dilemmas in patient management. Although not life-threatening, the symptoms are long-lasting, interfere with daily activities and have a significant impact upon the quality of life. This study was performed to evaluate the prevalence and risk Factors of dyspepsia and its relation to life style in Qashqai migrating nomads in Fars province, southern Iran. Method: In summer 2009, 784 Qashqai migrating nomads aged 25 years or more were enrolled using a multiple-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. A questionnaire consisting of demographic factors, lifestyle data and gastrointestinal symptoms was completed for each participant. The questionnaire of Rome II diagnostic criteria for dyspepsia was used for diagnosis of the disease. Results: Among dyspeptic patients (29.9%), 27.9% had ulcer-like; 26.2%, dysmotility-like and 45.9% had unspecified dyspepsia. The prevalence was higher in females, water-pipe smokers, NSAIDs users, and in those with psychological distress, recurrent headache, anxiety, nightmare and past history of gastrointestinal disease. Dyspepsia had an inverse relationship with consumption of pickles, fruits and vegetables and with duration of meals. Subjects with dyspepsia symptoms were more likely to restrict their diet, take herbal medicine, use over-the-counter drugs, consult with physicians, and consume medication advised by their friends. Conclusion: Dyspepsia had a high prevalence in Shiraz, southern Iran and was associated with several demographic factors, life style, and health-seeking behavior.