RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGGRESSION AND PERCEIVED SELF-EFFICACY IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN HAMADAN

Health Promotion Perspectives

Volume 1 - Number Supple.1

Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Introduction: Aggression has an important role in the prediction of Psycho-social adjustment. Self-efficacy, as a cognitive factor, mediates the relationships between individual judgments about the ability of thinking, emotion and action, and determines why people with similar skills and knowledge have a different performance. In this study, we investigate the status and relationship between aggression and perceived selfefficacy among high school students. Method: Four hundred and ninety nine students from Hamadan city were selected with multistage cluster sampling and completed Buss and Perry’s Aggression Questionnaire and Morri’s perceived self-efficacy. Data was analyzed with Pearson correlation and one-way analysis of variance. Results: Results showed that only 16.1% of students had high self-efficacy perceptions, and 48% of students were highly aggressive. Students from different areas of the city had a different amount of aggression, but there was no difference in self-efficacy. There was a negative relationship between aggression and perceived-efficacy. Discussion and conclusion: High aggressiveness and low self-efficacy in adolescents are important factors in determining the future life, especially in areas of social, emotional and educational. It is important to consider these variables in the mental health education and health promotion programs. There is a need to support vulnerable families that have children with the risk of aggression and low self-efficacy and therefore, emotional and educational problems.