DETERMINING THE PREDICTORS OF WALKING BEHAVIOR IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE2 DIABETES IN CITY OF YAZD BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL

Health Promotion Perspectives

Volume 1 - Number Supple.1

Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Introduction: Diabetes is a common disease that can lead to metabolic abnormalities and chronic complications. Today, the positive role of physical activity and exercise, especially walking in the health of human society has been approved. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study 111Type 2 diabetes patients referring to Yazd Diabetes Research Center were selected randomaly. Data collected by a questionnaire with Health Belief Model structures (knowledge, perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, self efficacy & cues of action) and demographic variables and questions about walking behaviors. Reliability and validity were assessed and approved. Data analyzed using SPSS and making descriptive statistics, the correlation coefficient and regression testes. Results: One handred and eleven individuals with type 2 diabetes of both genders (78 females and 33 males) with the mean age of 44 / 7 ± 18/49 were participated in this study .102 (9 / 91%) were married, 49/5% of them were educated under the diploma. Average score of knowledge and walking behavior were, 22 / 3 ± 93 / 6 and 73 / 3 ± 46 / 4 showing that subjects only 43/12% of maximum score Consumer awareness and gain 31/85% of the maximum score won the walking behavior. The results of this study show were correlation between walking behavior and knowledge (p<0/02) and r=0/221, behavior and perceived severity (P<0/03) and r=0/201, behavior and perceived benefits (P<0/01) and r=0/234. Discussion and conclusion: According to this study behavior of walking was weak & it seems that the use of theoretical based models such as Health Belief Model can be effective on predicting walking and as a framework can be used for the implementation of educational interventions to control diabetes.