COMPARING THE EFFECT OF CURRENT EDUCATION AND PEER-EDUCATION ON WALKING IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL

Health Promotion Perspectives

Volume 1 - Number Supple.1

Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Introduction: Diabetes is a disease with long cardiovascular, renal, eye and neural complications. Regular Physical activities are as one of the basic elements for curing diabetes. Walking can be considered as one of the physical activities especially on control sugar in diabetic patients. Research shows that educational strategies provides an appropriate situation in order to form proper health behaviors .According to the application of theories and models of health education, the purpose of this study is comparing the Effect of Current Education and Peer-Education on Walking in Type 2 Diabetic Patients based on Health Belief Model. Material and Method: This quasi-experimental interventional study was carried out on 80 people who suffered from type 2 diabetes. Data was collected using a questionnaire based on the health belief model, a checklist related to patient practices and recording fasting blood sugar (FBS) and 2hours Postprandial (2hpp) and hemoglobin glycosides (HbA1c) of the patients. All group completed the questionnaire and checklist. Results were documented before and three months after intervention. The patients of the experimental group participated in 2 educational classes during the tree month of intervention, as the follow up of the intervention. Data were collected and analyzed. Results: Our findings indicated that mean scores of health belief model variables, i.e perceived susceptibility, severity, benefit and self-efficacy, were significantly increased in the peer education group compared to current education group after intervention. Also, behavioral walking, rates of HbA1c and FBS and 2HPP levels improved significantly among the peer education group, compared to current education group. Discussion and conclusion: Applying walking training program developed for diabetic patients and its implementation by the peer in order to control blood sugar using the health belief model is very useful and effective, in the implementation of these control programs, monitoring and follow-up training is recommended.