FACTORS AFFECTING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND METABOLIC CONTROL IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC WOMEN REFERRED TO THE DIABETES RESEARCH CENTER OF HAMADAN: AN APPLICATION OF TRANSTHEORETICAL MODEL (TTM)

Health Promotion Perspectives

Volume 1 - Number Supple.1

Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Introduction: Active lifestyle and regular physical activity have a great impact on improving the health and metabolic control in diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting physical activity and metabolic control in type 2 diabetic women referred to the Diabetes Research Center of Hamadan based on Trans Theoretical Model. Materials and Methods: 114 women with type 2 diabetes participated in the cross- sectional study. Data were collected by International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the TransTheoretical Model Questionnaire, using interviews with patients. Results: mean ages of participators were 57.47±10.04 years. Glycosilated hemoglobin (HbA1C) mean in patients were 7 .74 ± 1.75. Physical activity findings showed that 9/ 64 percent of participants had lowintensity physical activity, 8.29% had moderate intensity physical activity, and 3/5% had high-intensity physical activity. Stage of change construct was significantly associated with cognitive and behavioral processes of change and self- efficacy (P < 0.05). Also decisional balance construct was significantly associated with behavioral change and self-efficacy (P < 0.05) but not associated with cognitive processes (P > 0.05). Selfefficacy was significantly associated with cognitive, behavioral processes of change and decisional balance (P < 0.05). Discussion and conclusion: According to the results, physical activity program developed for increasing physical activity level, improved metabolic control in type 2 diabetic women in Hamadan.