Overweight and obesity among Ahvaz oil company employees: a cross-sectional study
Background: Overweight and obesity become a major public health problem in worldwide. Obesity and central obesity are major risk factors for metabolic syndrome which increases risk of many chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus,and coronary artery disease,and is associated with cerebrovascular disease and all-cause mortality. In addition,obesity is one of the strongest emerging risk factors for many cancers in many countries. Taking into account the increasing trend of obesity incidence in Iran and important role of it in etiology of chronic diseases,we decided to evaluate prevalence of obesity and central obesity among oil company employees in Ahvaz. Methods: In this cross-sectional study,508 male employees with mean age of 48.6±9.32 years were recruited from different categories jobs in oil Company. Height,weight,waist and hip circumference of subjects were measured. Body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. Descriptive statistics were obtained for all study variables. Result: According to BMI,53.5% of subjects were overweight and 20.7% were obese. Central obesity was observed in 9.7% of subjects as well as 24.1% of subjects were in 96-102 cm range. A total of 508 employees, 23.62% and 9.64 % of subjects had WHR 0.96-1 and ≥1 respectively. Conclusion: On the basis of our results, overweight and obesity were prevalent among employees. Therefore,it is suggested that oil company employees should be made aware of their daily calorie intakes and need to arrange a regular plan for their physical activity and healthy eating habits. In addition,weight management programmers are possible intervention to decrease the prevalence of overweight and obesity.