Association of dietary energy and macronutrients with physical and cognitive function in the elderly living at nursing homes of Tabriz
Objective: To investigate the association of dietary energy and macronutrients with physical and cognitive function in the elderly living at nursing homes of Tabriz. Methods: In total,76 elderly (24 men and 52 women) living at 3 nursing homes (Ana=29,Mehr=19,and Fayyazbakhsh=28) were recruited for this study. Physical and cognitive functions were assessed using the Barthel Index (BI) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE),respectively. Intakes of energy and macronutrients were collected using a three-day weighed food record through direct observation. Pearson Correlation and One-way ANOVA tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean age of the patients was 75.93± 9.5 years (women: 68.5% and men: 31.5%). The mean score of MMSE and BI was 7.8 ±0.7 and 66.3 ± 36.6,respectively,which were significantly different among the three centers (p=0.03 and p.