Elective, postoperative ventilation in the management of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula.
The management of esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) has undergone many changes. As a result of recent advances in neonatal intensive care and pediatric anesthesia, the survival of infants with EA and TEF has improved markedly, but the occurrence of anastomotic complications has remained constant. To overcome this problem, various techniques and suture materials have been used. This review of 20 consecutive cases of EA/TEF stresses the importance and influence of non-reversal of anesthesia, paralysis, and elective ventilation for protection of the esophageal anastomosis following repair of EA and TEF.