T-cell/histiocyte-rich B-cell lymphoma: Clinical presentation, management and prognostic factors: report on 61 patients and review of literature.
T-cell/histiocyte-rich B-cell lymphoma (TC/HRBCL) is a rare subtype of diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (DLBCL) with characteristic morphologic and immunophenotypic features, often misdiagnosed as Hodgkin's lymphoma and peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Few and conflicting clinical data are available in the literature addressing optimal treatment, prognosis and outcome. We retrospectively reviewed all patients diagnosed and managed at our institution between 1995 and 2004 diagnosed with T-cell-rich-B-cell lymphoma by WHO criteria. Sixty-one patients were identified. Initial pathology was incorrect in 82% of referred cases. The median age was 30 years. Seventy-one patients were males. Stage distribution was I - II in 21 patients, and III - IV in 40. Fifty-two percent of patients (32) had splenic involvement and thirty-seven patients (61%) presented with extranodal disease (22 >or= 2 sites). The International Prognostic Index (IPI) score was >or=2 in 62% of patients. All 59 newly diagnosed TC/HRBCL patients were treated with CHOP or R-CHOP combination chemotherapy +/- radiation therapy. The overall response rate was 85% and nine patients progressed on therapy. Fourteen patients relapsed with a median time of relapse of 6 months (range, 2 - 28). At a median follow-up of 22 months (range 1 - 132); 32 patients (52%) are alive with no evidence of disease. The 5-year overall survival and event free survival rates were 46% and 39% respectively. To conclude, TC/HRBCL is difficult to recognize without immunohistochemistry. It has an aggressive course and poor outcome; with most of patients presenting with advanced disease stage together with high IPI score. Treatment outcome seems to be similar to IPI matched DLBCL counterpart.