Surgical atlas: Orthotopic bladder substitution in women after cystectomy for bladder cancer.
Orthotopic bladder substitution after cystectomy in women is feasible. The rate of continence is comparable to that in men who have been similarly treated. Over continence (which is common) is caused by posterior and caudal displacement of the neobladder. Prevention of this descent can reduce the incidence of this complication. Further follow-up is needed to evaluate the oncological outcome.