Stress, Coping Strategies and Related Factors in a Sample of Iranian Adolescents
Background: Since the stress and coping are the most reported problems by adolescents, this study aims to apprise the stressors, coping strategies and influential factors among male adolescents. Methods: The effect of stressors, coping strategies and some demographics variables were studied in 402 male adolescents in Tehran, Iran. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. A multiple regression was performed to assess factors related to perceived stress. Results: The mean age of adolescents was 15.44 (SD=0.68) years. The mean value of perceived stress for the whole sample was 17.99 (SD=6.02). Cognitive/emotional coping was the most frequent coping style. The findings revealed that there was a significant correlation between perceived and accumulative stress. In multiple regression analysis, the accumulative stress, social resources, parent's education and grade point average were found to be significant predictors of perceived stress. Conclusion: The findings suggest that increased level of perceived stress is associated with accumulative stress, social resources and parent's education that are modifiable factors. Stress management education might be a solution to overcome increased perceived stress.