A Review of the Personal Health Records in Selected Countries and Iran
Personal Health Record (PHR) enables patients to access their health information and improves care quality by supporting self-care. The purpose of this study is to provide a comparative analysis of the concept of PHRs in selected countries and Iran in order to investigate the gaps between Iran and more advanced countries in terms of PHRs. The study was carried out in 2008-2009 using a descriptive-comparative method in Australia, the United States, England and Iran. Data was gathered from articles, books, journals and reputed websites in English and Persian published between 1995 and September 2009. After collecting the data, both advantages and disadvantages of each of concepts were analyzed. In the three countries considered in the present study the concepts of PHR, extracted from the literature, are that; a) patient/person be recognized as the owner of PHR; b) information be disclosed only to those authorized by the patient; c) and that PHR is created upon request and consent of the individual involved. Before PHRs can be profitably used in the health administration of a (developing) country, the necessary knowledge, infrastructures, and rules need to be developed.