Neuroprotective effect of deprenyl in sensory neurons of axotomized dorsal root ganglion
Spinal motoneuron neuroprotection by deprenyl was previously reported; the present study was carried out to evaluate neuroprotectivity in the dorsal root ganglion sensory neuron. The total neuron counts were calculated, and the axotomized sensory neurons of the dorsal root ganglion were significantly lower than those of the unaxotomized sides. Three secondary and three tertiary parameters were used. The secondary parameters were: the percentages of sensory neuron increase at the axotomized side (PNIA) and at the unaxotomized side (PNIU), and the percentage of neuronal response (PNR). The tertiary parameters were: the percentages of maximal response at the axotomized side (PMRA) and at the unaxotomized side (PMRU), and the percentage of maximal relative response (PMRR). Nonlinear statistical analysis using Gaussian, quadratic and logistic models of the tertiary parameters suggested that the data were bell-shape, which indicated that the data were biphasic. The data were divided into ascending and descending sets, and linear regression. They were analyzed according to Bent-hyperbola model and the ascending set was considered as a neurotrophic phase, while the descending one as a neurotoxic phase. The stops of PMRA were higher than that of PMRU, which indicates that the axotomized neurons were more sensitive than the unaxotomized neurons to the protective and neurotoxic effect of deprenyl. Moreover, the results showed that deprenyl had a proliferative effect on the dorsal root ganglion sensory neuron.