An increased lung cancer risk associated with codon 72 polymorphism in the TP53 gene and human papillomavirus infection in Mazandaran province, Iran
The TP53 gene has a polymorphism in exon 4 at codon 72 that presents the arginine or proline genotype. The association of TP53 codon 72 polymorphism with lung cancer risk has been studied by several groups, although with inconsistent results. Our previous study showed that the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with the development of tung cancer in Mazandaran, north part of Iran (cases = 25.6% versus controls = 9.0%, P = 0.002). The frequency of TP53 codon 72 polymorphism was studied in a north part Iranian group of 92 healthy controls and 141 lung cancer patients. The allelic distribution of the three genotypes (ArgArg, ArgPro, ProPro) in healthy normal controls was 46.1, 32.6 and 21.3%, respectively, which differs from that of tung cancer patients showing genotype frequency as 42.6, 49.6 and 7.8%. A relation between the presence of the Arg allele and tung cancer risk was observed. Our study reveals that Arg allele, active smoking and HPV infection are the important risk factors in lung cancer development in the north part of Iran, Mazandaran province. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.