In vitro maturation of fresh and frozen-thawed mouse round spermatids


Volume 5 - Number

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Both initiation and maintenance of spermatogenesis are hormonally regulated by follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH) and testosterone. Co-culture systems also have important roles in the maintenance of spermatogenic cells. In this study, the effects of FSH and testosterone, co-culture system with Vero cells and co-culture supplemented with the hormones for maturation of frozen-thawed spermatids were determined. Testicular cells were suspended from the testis of National Medical Research Institute (NMRI) male mice and divided into two parts. The first aliquot of suspension was allocated for using as fresh and the rest was quickly cryopreserved. The frozen specimens were thawed and washed using Dulbecco modified Eagle's minimum essential medium (DMEM) medium. The fresh specimens were cultured in four groups: control (cultured on DMEM with 10% FBS), hormone (cultured on a medium supplemented with rFSH and testosterone), co-culture (cultured on Vero cells) and co-culture + hormone (cultured on Vero cells combined with rFSH and testosterone). The frozen-thawed specimens were cultured accordingly. The number of spermatids was recorded daily and the survival rates of each group were evaluated using Trypan blue test. The results showed that the number of the elongating spermatids was increased during the first day of the culture of fresh hormone, co-culture and co-culture + hormone groups. Viability rates of all kinds of the spermatid reduced during the 96 h of culturing. Our findings showed that the addition of hormone could support cell viability better than the co-culture. They also confirmed that the fresh round spermatid cells can progress into elongating and elongated spermatid only within the first 2 days of the culture in hormone, co-culture and co-culture + hormone groups. In the frozen-thawed specimens no extra significant increase in the number of cells was observed.