Identification of peptides specific for antibodies in vitiligo using a phage library
Patients with vitiligo produce specific autoantibodies that can be detected in their sera. These antibodies are believed to play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease. A random peptide library displayed on phage is a technique that can be used to identify the epitopes that react with monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. We used this technique to identify the epitopes that react specifically with the vitiligo autoantibodies. By screening the random peptide phage library and using ELISA, two clones that showed a higher frequency of reactivity with the antibodies in the sera of patients with vitiligo were identified. The peptides do not show any similarity with the autoantigens so far implicated in vitiligo, indicating that these epitopes may mimic conformational epitopes in proteins.