Evaluation of vicarious PTSD among children of Sardasht chemical warfare survivors 20 years after Iran-Iraq war
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders (PTSD) was reported before in 90% of chemical warfare survivors. Traumatic experiences could affect on the life of other family members, too. Clinical experiences and frequent observations demonstrated more psychological problems in families with a member affected by chemical agent. The aim of this study is to evaluate the frequency of vicarious PTSD among the children of Iraqi chemical attack survivors. In a descriptive, Cross-sectional study, we enrolled 286?15 years old single children of chemical attacks survivors as case and also 242 ages and sex matched normal civilian from the same city, Sardasht as the control group. PTSD in both groups was assessed by applying Mississippi Questionnaire. Mississippi scale for PTSD among the children of the Sardasht chemical attack survivors was 128.88±13.92 andl08.34±22.7 in the control group (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the Mississippi scale among different sex and age groups. This study demonstrated higher rates of PTSD among children of Sardasht chemical attack survivors compared with control group, suggesting the need to follow up and treat severe cases. © 2010 Asian Network for Scientific Information.