Electrochemical DNA nano-biosensor for the study of spermidine-DNA interaction
An electrochemical DNA nano-biosensor is prepared by immobilization of double stranded DNA (dsDNA) onto a mixed self-assembled monolayer (SAM) composed of azide- and hydroxyl-terminated thiols. The SAMs- and dsDNA-modified gold electrodes were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The interaction of spermidine with DNA was studied by differential pulse voltammetry at the DNA-modified electrode. The decrease in the guanine oxidation peak current was used to study the interaction. The binding constant (K), obtained by differential pulse voltammetry, was 1.85 x 10(5) M(-1). A linear dependence of the guanine peak currents was observed in the range of 1.6-70.4 mu M spermidine, with a detection limit of 0.72 mu M and r=0.994 by using differential pulse voltammetry. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.