Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of risperidone plus topiramate in children with autistic disorder

Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry

Volume 7 - Number

Article Type: ---- Unspecified ----
Abstract:

Background Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that forms part of a spectrum of related disorders referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorders The present study assessed the effects of topiramate plus risperidone in the treatment of autistic disorder Method Forty children between the ages of 4 and 12 years with a DSM IV clinical diagnosis of autism who were outpatients from a specialty clinic for children were recruited. The children presented with a chief complaint of severely disruptive symptoms related to autistic disorder Patients were randomly allocated to topiramate + risperidone (Group A) or placebo + risperidone (Group B) for an 8-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study The dose of risperidone was titrated up to 2 mg/day for children between 10 and 40 kg and 3 mg/day for children weighting above 40 kg. The dose of topiramate was titrated up to 200 mg/day depending on weight (100 mg/day for <30 kg and 200 mg/day for >30 kg) Patients were assessed at baseline and after 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after starting medication Measure of outcome was the Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABC-C) Rating Scale Results Difference between the two protocols was significant as the group that received topiramate had a greater reduction in ABC-C subscale scores for irritability, stereotypic behavior and hyperactivity/noncompliance Conclusion The results suggest that the combination of topiramate with risperidone may be superior to risperidone monotherapy for children with autistic disorder However the results need to be further confirmed by a larger randomized controlled trial (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved