Characterization of fibroblast-like cells from the rat olfactory bulb
The isolation and characterization of stem cells from an alternative tissue is a subject of intensive investigation. In the present study, we have focused on the characterization of fibroblastic cells in olfactory bulb tissue of the rat. To this end, 4-6 week old rats were killed and their olfactory bulb tissue was dissected out. Olfactory bulb derived fibroblast-like cells were recovered by adhesion to cell culture plastic. The plastic adherent cultivated cells were induced to differentiate along osteoblastic, adipogenic and chondrogenic lineages. Furthermore, the expression of some surface antigens was investigated. We obtained purified cells with spindle shaped morphology in primary culture, which differentiated into mesenchymal lineages. These cells expressed CD29 and CD90 (Thy1.1) surface antigens, but not CD31, CD34 and CD45. Our results indicate that fibroblast-like cells from the olfactory bulb are mesenchymal stem cells in nature. Taken together, our data suggest that olfactory bulb tissue may constitute a new source of mesenchymal stem cells and could be used for the treatment of injury.