Bovine serum albumin-loaded pectinate beads as colonic peptide delivery system: Preparation and in vitro characterization
Objective of this study was to prepare a drug delivery system for therapeutic peptides that are degraded in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract due to degradation activity of the enzymes. Delivering peptide to the colon in which enzymatic activity is low is next hope for absorption of these agents. Pectin, a naturally occurring water soluble polysaccharide, as a matrix for peptide delivery was studied. Degradation of pectin by the colonic enzymes makes it suitable for colon-specific delivery of drugs. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used as a model peptide. Calcium pectinate beads were prepared by extruding BSA-loaded pectin solution to an agitating calcium chloride solution, and gelled spheres were formed instantaneously by an ionotropic gelation reaction. The effect of several factors such as concentration of pectin, concentration of calcium chloride, and total drug loading on the pattern of drug release in the dissolution medium was studied. Prepared beads showed good resistance in the release medium. The entrapment efficiency of the beads was high ( between 63% and 99%). Entrapment efficiency of BSA was reversely dependent to the amount of the drug loaded in the beads. The amount of BSA loaded on the beads affects pattern of drug release. The concentration of the pectin showed the highest impact on the rate of drug release. Presence of the pectiolytic enzymes facilitated the drug release from the beads.