Application of mercury intrusion porosimetry for studying the porosity of mineral trioxide aggregate at two different pH
Objective. To evaluate a novel method of detecting and comparing the porosity of white Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Portland cement at two different pH. Materials and methods. Cylindrical specimens (n = 120) were prepared from hydrated ordinary white Portland Cement (WPC) (n = 60) and white Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (WMTA) (n = 60) and exposed to environments with pH of 4.4 (n = 30) or 7.4 (n = 30). The pore size distribution and total pore volume were detected using Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and post-hoc Tukey or Tamhane test (p = 0.05). Results. The pore volume of WMTA was significantly lesser than WPC at both pH (p < 0.05). The surface tension of mercury was taken as 480 (N/m) and the contact angle 141.3 degrees for both materials. Pores were consistently found in all specimens. Total pore volumes for WPC and WMTA (cubic centimeter/gram) were 0.1954 and 0.1023, respectively, while the diameter of the pores ranged from 50-100 angstrom and 20-50 angstrom, respectively. Conclusions. Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry technique is a promising and reliable technique for assessing the porosity of endodontic materials.