5′-(N-ethylcarboxamido) adenosine improves angiogenesis in transplanted human ovarian tissue

Fertility and Sterility

Volume 8 - Number

Article Type: ---- Unspecified ----

To investigate the effect of 5?-(N-ethylcarboxamido) adenosine (NECA), an adenosine agonist, on triggering angiogenesis in transplanted human ovarian tissue, the expression of angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), Ang2, vascular endothelial growth factor 121 (VEGF-121) and VEGF-189 at both gene and protein levels as well as the density of vasculature were studied in tissue fragments grafted to NECA-treated and control groups of nude mice. The results showed that NECA treatment triggered down-regulation of Ang1, induced VEGF-189 expression, and stimulated neovascularization, highlighting the beneficial effect of NECA on the process of angiogenesis. © 2011 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.