Reduction of insulin resistance and plasma glucose level by salsalate treatment in persons with prediabetes

Endocrine Practice

Volume 6 - Number 18

Article Type: ---- Unspecified ----

Objective: To evaluate the effect of salsalate as an antiinflammatory agent on insulin resistance and glycemic control in persons with prediabetes. Methods: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 66 persons who had prediabetes on the basis of the American Diabetes Association criteria were enrolled. They were randomly assigned to receive salsalate (3 g daily) or placebo for 12 weeks. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and insulin, glucose 2 hours after oral administration of 75 g of glucose, hemoglobin A(1c), lipid profile, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and homeostasis model assessment of beta-cell function were determined before and after treatment. Results: Salsalate treatment reduced the FPG level from 5.86 +/- 0.07 mmol/L to 5.20 +/- 0.11 mmol/L and HOMA-IR from 4.2 +/- 0.9 to 3.8 +/- 0.3 (P = .01 for both changes). Homeostasis model assessment of beta-cell function increased in the salsalate-treatment group from 139.8 +/- 11.0 to 189.4 +/- 24.6 (P = .01). At the end of the study, FPG, HOMA-IR, and insulin levels were significantly different between salsalate and placebo groups (5.20 +/- 0.11 mmol/L versus 5.53 +/- 0.10 mmol/L, 3.8 +/- 0.3 versus 4.4 +/- 0.9, and 16.1 +/- 1.9 mu IU/mL versus 18.2 +/- 2 mu IU/mL, respectively; P<.05 for all). There were no persistent complications after salsalate therapy. Conclusion: Treatment with salsalate can reduce insulin resistance and the FPG level in subjects with prediabetes. Determination of the long-term safety and efficacy of the use of salsalate necessitates further investigation. (Endocr Pract. 2012;18:826-833)