Appropriate bmi cut-off values for identification of metabolic risk factors: Third national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases in iran (surfncd-2007)
Aim: To determine the appropriate threshold of body mass index (BMI) associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases in a large representative sample of an Iranian population. Subjects and methods: Data of third national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SuRFNCD-2007) were used in this study. Sensitivity, specificity, and shortest distance on the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to determine gender-specific optimal cut-offs of BMI for cardiometabolic risk factors including elevated blood pressure, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high triglycerides, high fasting plasma glucose and for >= 2 of the aforementioned risk factors. Results: There was a continuous increase in the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors with increasing BMI (p < 0.001). At the BMI of 25-29 kg/m(2) men were at higher risk of cardiovascular diseases compared to women (p < 0.001). The appropriate BMI cut-offs ranged from 24.6-26.1 kg/m(2) for men and from 26.9-28.8 kg/m(2) for women. The optimal BMI cut-offs for identifying any two or more of those risk factors were 25.2 and 27.3 kg/m2 in men and women, respectively. Conclusion: In men the appropriate BMI cut-offs are similar to 25 kg/m(2), while in women higher BMI values are associated with risk of cardiovascular diseases.