Diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorders: A review of literatures
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) has multiple clinical manifestations involving dysfunctions and pain in the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and associated structures, and affects a considerable number of adults. The aim of this investigation is evaluation of diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorders. The literature was searched using Medline, Pubmed and Elsevier Science Direct from 1990 to 2014. Studies had to be intervention studies for temporomandibular disorders. Symptoms of TMD include chewing difficulty, Clicking or another sound when opening or closing, aching pain in the face, earache, headache and jaw pain or tenderness. Treatment of TMD depends on the severity and source of disease. These are occlusal or stabilization splints, pharmacotherapy, physical therapy, intra-articular injection, arthrocenthesis/arthroscopy, arthroplasty and total joint replacement. Improved education of temporomandibular disorders sign and symptoms will leads to accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. For dental profession these educations are critical to avoid unnecessary modalities.