Evaluation of preventive behaviors of UTI based on Health Belief Model (HBM) in mothers with girls younger than 6 years old
Background: Urinary tract infection is the second common infection in children. In the first year of life, UTI is more common in boys than girls, but thereafter the incidence rate becomes much more common in young girls. UTI complications in children are various, such as early hypertension, impaired glomerular function, proteinuria and finally, end stage renal failure.
Methods: The objective of this descriptive study was to illustrate the effect of mothers' preventive behaviors on the Urinary tract infection of their girls using the Health belief model(HBM) in 2011-2012. For analyzing the data SPSS, software was used.
Findings: The results indicated that the knowledge score was good only in 2/9% of cases, perceived susceptibility in 58/7% of cases, perceived severity in 66/7% of cases and perceived barriers in 65/2% of cases. There was a direct correlation among the sensitivity, interests, behavior and self-efficacy as well as intensity, threat, practice guide and self-efficacy, interests and self-efficacy, practice guide, behavior and self-efficacy, and finally behavior and self-efficacy. There was a significant inverse correlation between barriers, sensitivity, interests, practice guide and self-efficacy. And finally a significant correlation occurred between intensity and mother age, threat and intensity, between behavior and self – efficacy and number of children, behavior and mothers occupation, practice guide, self-efficacy and family income as well as practice guide, behavior, self-efficacy and history of child previous UTI. Conclusion: In accordance with the data, using Health Belief Model as an education curriculum to improve UTI prevention behavior is effective.