The prevalence of diabetes in students arriving to school in Nahavand city in 1392-93

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics (مجله بيماري هاي كودكان ايران)

دوره 24 - شماره suppl2

Article Type: ---- Unspecified ----

Background: Diabetes is a metabolic complex disease in which such factors as intrinsic aptitude, environmental conditions like life style, weight, food patterns range and people's awareness have determining role in it's prevalence. This chronic disease is classified into 2 types.
Methods: This investigation was carried out through medical examining in the health measurement plane of the pre-elementary students (7 years) in Nahavand city, 2012-2013. Data was gathered through interview and examining; and it was analyzed through statistical testing of Chi-square, analysis and variance, t test, and coefficient correlation. P<0.05 was considered as a meaningful level. Findings: 2223 students (1125 boys, 1098 girls) were investigated regarding diabetes signs from which 420 people were considered as patients. Out of this number, 27 people were confirmed to have diabetes (12 boys,15 girls). There was not a meaningful differences between sex and the disease spread. 19 patients of 27 patients were informed of their own disease. A meaningful relationship was observed between the parents' education and the disease prevalence. A meaningful relationship was observed between the parents' education and awareness of the child disease. A significant relationship was not observed between the parents' age and the diabetes prevalence. Conclusion: This study and similar research indicate that with increasing growth of the number of people involved with diabetes 1 (students are treated as a branch of this group) the necessity of early diagnosis and educational programs regarding diabetes are unavoidable in schools. Thus, it is suggested that essential teaching for teachers and tutors concerning the students affected with diabetes will improve educational achievement of the students.