The Prevalence of Dyspepsia and Its Correlation with the Quality of Life among Qashqai Migrating Nomads in Fars Province
Introduction: Dyspepsiais a prevalent disorder that greatly affects the quality of life while itspredictive factors are still ambiguous. This study was undertaken to determinethe prevalence of dyspepsia and its correlation with the quality of life inFars Qashqai migrating nomads. Method: seven hundred and forty eight Qashqai migrating nomads in Southern Iran aged 25 years or more were enrolled using a multiple-stage stratified cluster random sampling method when referring to their tents in summer quarters. A questionnaire was used to collect data on demographic information, lifestyle and gastrointestinal symptoms. A questionnaire consisting of demographic factors, lifestyle data and gastrointestinal symptoms was completed for each participant for dyspepsia and SF-36 questionnaire was completed for participants too. The prevalence of dyspepsia and its correlation with the quality of life was determined. Results: The prevalence of dyspepsia was 48% among participants. The prevalence was higher in young thin female adults (<35 years old). The rate was also higher in married underweight participants. Among subjects, 39. 6% were male and 60. 4% were female. The dyspepsia questionnaire was completed for 717 subjects (response rate: 89%) while SF-36 questionnaire was completed for 397 subjects (response rate, 55%). The correlation between dyspepsia and quality of life was statistically significant. The classified dyspeptic patients were as ulcer-like (27. 9%), dysmotility-like (26. 2%), and unspecified dyspepsia (45. 9%) groups. There was a statistical significant correlation between dyspepsia and consumption of vegetables and dairy products, drinking water and tea, smoking, dysphagia, reflux, heartburn and taking acetaminophen. Conclusion: Dyspepsia was shown to have a relatively high prevalence in Fars Qashqai migrating nomads, Southern Iran and had a significant correlation with quality of life and life style. So there is a need for educational health program in these tribes to decrease the prevalence of dyspepsia.