The Study of Main and Interactive Effects of Attachment Dimension and Basic Personality Characteristics in Borderline Traits
Background : There are models of the development of personality disorders which include individual differences in attachment relationships as causal factors contributed in explanation of these phenomena. The dimensional view of personality disorders represents these conditions as extreme variants of normal personality continua. This study investigated main and interactional effects of attachment styles and personality traits in relation to borderline characteristics.
Materials and Methods : The current study was conducted in expo fact context. Randomly selected 603 participants (134 male and 469 female) from Tabriz Payam-e-Noor, Tarbait Moallem of Azarbaijan and Sarab Payam-e-Noor university students took part in this research. Participants answered to Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised, Short form (EPQ-RS) and Adult Attachment Inventory (AAI). Data were analyzed using two way analysis of variance method.
Results : Results indicate main effects of attachment styles and personality traits, so, individual with ambivalent insecure attachment experience more intensity of borderline traits than individual with avoidant insecure and secure attachments. Individual with high psychoticim and neuroticism traits experience more intensity of borderline characteristics than individual with extraversion personality traits. Also, there are no interactional effects of attachment styles and personality traits in relation to borderline characteristics.
Conclusion : These findings reiterate contribution of childhood risk factors in developing borderline personality disorder, especially in children with emotionally vulnerability.